The Kaz Mountains are a world heritage site that must be protected against mining operations,” says the report from Turkish Foundation for Combating Soil Erosion (TEMA).
Licenses issued for mining operations that cover 79 percent of the Kaz Mountains in the northwestern province of Çanakkale threaten the environment, according to a report from the TEMA.
Licenses were issued based on the information obtained from the General Directorate of Mining and Petroleum Affairs (MAPEG) for roughly 1.3 million hectares of land out of 1.7 million hectares of area, which defines the borders of the Kaz Mountains.
The report by TEMA noted that the mountains were designated as a national park in 1994 and a protected wildlife reserve in 1998.
“The Kaz Mountains are an important site for wildlife. Scientists have identified 800 different plant species to date in the region. The Kaz Mountains were declared a ‘high-quality tourism area’ in the National Tourism Strategy for 2007-2023, and they are home to various cultural heritage sites, whose areas cover 103,000 hectares of land,” the report said.
Amendments to Turkey’s mining law raise the prospect that licenses will be issued for “every inch” of the Kaz Mountains, according to the TEMA report.
“Those ancient cultures and natural assets, which have come into existence over millions of years, will be put at risk.