Natural Resources

Countries of East Europe are all rich in various natural resources. Exploration and processing of natural resources generates important economic benefits for national economies.

  • Albania – petroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower
  • Bosnia -coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, cobalt, manganese, nickel, clay, gypsum, salt, sand, hydropower
  • Bulgaria – bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal
  • Croatia – oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower
  • Czech Republic – hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber
  • Hungary – bauxite, coal, natural gas
  • Latvia – peat, limestone, dolomite, amber, hydropower
  • Macedonia – low-grade iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum
  • Poland – coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber
  • Romania – petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, hydropower
  • Russia – oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals
  • Serbia – oil, gas, coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, antimony, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, magnesium, pyrite, limestone, marble, salt, hydropower
  • Slovakia – brown coal and lignite; small amounts of iron ore, copper and manganese ore;
  • Slovenia – lignite coal, lead, zinc, mercury, uranium, silver, hydropower
  • Ukraine – iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber,